Jun 25, 2024  
2022-2023 College Catalog 
    
2022-2023 College Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

MLT 100IN - Phlebotomy for Medical Laboratory Technology

3 Credits, 5 Contact Hours
2 lecture periods 3 lab periods

Theory and practice of basic phlebotomy techniques and procedures. Includes blood collection for patient care, quality assurance standards, medical terminology, anatomy, blood collection procedures, variables, computers and specimen processing, and point of care (POC) testing.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 156IN  or BIO 160IN  or BIO 201IH  or BIO 201IN  or BIO 202IN .
Information: Students must be admitted to the Medical Laboratory Technician program or obtain consent of instructor before enrolling in this course. IN is the integrated version of the course with the lecture and lab taught simultaneously.
  button image Prior Learning and link to PLA webpage

Course Learning Outcomes
  1. Demonstrate good specimen collection technique while employment safety and HIPAA standards that apply to phlebotomy practice.
  2. Define basic medical terms and codes related to phlebotomy and laboratory testing.
  3. Identify phlebotomy-related vascular anatomy and cellular components.
  4. Demonstrate appropriate use of equipment and collection tubes for obtaining blood specimens using venipuncture, capillary collection, and point of care instruments (POC).
  5. Improve critical thinking and organizational skills by attending class, completing assignments, participating in problem solving and class discussions.

Outline:
  1. Blood Collection for Patient Care
    1. Role of phlebotomist in healthcare setting
    2. Policies and procedures
    3. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability regulations
    4. Ethical and legal issues
  2. Quality Assurance Standards
    1. Regulatory agencies
    2. Standards and indicators
    3. Infection control
    4. Safety and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
    5. Personal wellness
  3. Medical Terminology
    1. Key terms
    2. Abbreviations and codes
  4. Anatomy
    1. Human vascular anatomy
    2. Identify veins and other blood vessels for blood collection
    3. Blood composition and formed elements
    4. Identify blood composition and formed elements
  5. Blood Collection Procedures
    1. Supplies
    2. Equipment selection
      1. Venipuncture
      2. Capillary puncture
      3. Blood cultures
    3. Patient preparation and identification
    4. Vacuum tube additives
    5. Order of draw
    6. Proper specimen labeling
    7. Special consideration
    8. Therapeutic drug levels
    9. Specimens for transfusion processing
    10. Blood cultures
  6. Variables
    1. Pre-analytical errors
    2. Restricted vascular access
    3. Contamination
    4. Failure to obtain specimen
    5. Special needs patients
    6. Infants and small children
    7. Problem sites
  7. Computers and Specimen Processing
    1. Laboratory information systems
    2. Interfaces
    3. Aliquot preparation
    4. Delivery and storage
  8. Collection of samples, performing Point of Care (POC) Testing
    1. Hemoglobin
    2. Glucose
    3. Coagulation
    4. Bleeding time
  9. Alternate collection sites and procedures
    1. Butterfly collections – hand, wrist, small veins
    2. Adjusting a needle, failure to obtain specimen
    3. Problem or difficult patients, restricted vascular access