Jul 24, 2024  
2022-2023 College Catalog 
2022-2023 College Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

BIO 202IN - Human Anatomy and Physiology II [SUN# BIO 2202]

4 Credits, 6 Contact Hours
3 lecture periods 3 lab periods

Continuation of BIO 201IH /BIO 201IN . Includes the structure and function of the endocrine cardiovascular, lymphatic/immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 201IN  or BIO 201IH  
Gen-Ed: Meets AGEC - SCI; Meets CTE - M&S.

Course Learning Outcomes
  1. Identify anatomical structures of organ systems.
  2. Describe physiological functions of organ systems.
  3. Discuss selected homeostatic mechanisms and their effects on organ systems.

Performance Objectives:
  1. Perform activities to demonstrate improvement in the general education goals of communication and critical thinking.
  2. Identify the structures of the endocrine system and describe their functions.
  3. Identify the components of the cardiovascular system including blood, and describe their functions.
  4. Identify the structures of the lymphatic and immune systems and describe their functions.
  5. Identify the structures of the respiratory system, and describe their functions.
  6. Identify the organs and accessory organs of the digestive system and describe their functions related to digestion and/or absorption.
  7. Discuss components of nutrition as they relate to metabolic homeostasis, and describe the physiological processes related to metabolic homeostasis.
  8. Discuss energy balance and thermoregulation.
  9. Identify the structures of the urinary system, and describe their functions.
  10. Discuss fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance.
  11. Identify the structures of the reproductive system, and describe their functions.
  12. Describe the formation of the embryonic germ layers, and the fates of each layer with respect to the development of the endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic/immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems.
  13. Discuss selected homeostatic imbalances (diseases) and their effects of the systems mentioned above.

  1. The Endocrine System
    1. Comparison of nervous and endocrine systems
    2. Control of endocrine system function
      1. Neural control
      2. Positive/negative feedback mechanisms
    3. Endocrine glands and their functions
    4. Hormones, their target tissues and effects
    5. Receptors
    6. Homeostasis and disease
    7. Stress and the general adaptation syndrome
  2. The Cardiovascular System: The Blood
    1. Functions of blood
    2. Physical characteristics and components
    3. Formation of blood cells
    4. Hemeostasis
    5. Grouping (typing) of blood
    6. Homeostasis and disease
  3. The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
    1. Location and size of the heart
    2. Pericardium
    3. Layers of the myocardium
    4. Chambers and valves of the heart
    5. Circulation through the heart
    6. Blood supply of the heart
    7. Conduction system
    8. Physiology of cardiac muscle contraction
    9. Cardiac cycle
    10. Cardiac output
    11. Homeostasis and disease
  4. The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Hemodynamics
    1. Anatomy of blood vessels
    2. Hemodynamics: physiology of circulation
    3. Control, blood pressure and blood flow
    4. Shock and homeostasis
    5. Systemic circulation
    6. Pulmonary circulation
    7. Homeostasis and disease
  5. The Lymphatic and Immune Systems
    1. Lymphatic system
      1. Formation of lymph
      2. Lymphatic cells
      3. Lymphatic tissue
      4. Lymphatic vessels
    2. The immune system
      1. Nonspecific resistance to disease
        1. Physical barriers to disease
        2. Chemical barriers to disease
        3. Cellular barriers to disease
      2. Immunity (specific resistance to disease)
        1. Humoral immunity
        2. Cell mediated immunity
    3. Homeostasis and disease
  6. The Respiratory System
    1. Anatomy of the respiratory system
    2. Mechanics of respiration
    3. Physiology of respiration
    4. Control of respiration
    5. Homeostasis and disease
  7. The Digestive System
    1. Organs and accessory organs of digestion
    2. General histology of GI tract
    3. The physiology of digestion and absorption
    4. Control of digestion
    5. Homeostasis and disease
  8. Metabolism
    1. General nutrition
    2. Lipid, carbohydrate and protein catabolism and anabolism
    3. Energy balance
    4. Thermoregulation
    5. Homeostasis and disease
  9. The Urinary System
    1. Anatomy of the urinary system
    2. Physiology of urine formation and elimination
    3. Producing dilute and concentrated urine
    4. Components of urine
    5. Homeostasis and disease
  10. Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
    1. Fluid compartments and fluid balance
    2. Electrolytes
    3. Acid-base balance
    4. Control of fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance
    5. Homeostasis and disease
  11. The Reproductive Systems
    1. Male reproductive system
    2. Female reproductive system
    3. Female reproductive cycle
    4. Physiology of sexual intercourse
    5. Birth control
    6. Homeostasis and disease
  12. Development/Embryonic Germ Layers