Jun 14, 2024  
2022-2023 College Catalog 
2022-2023 College Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

BIO 201IN - Human Anatomy and Physiology I [SUN# BIO 2201]

4 Credits, 6 Contact Hours
3 lecture periods 3 lab periods

Structure and function of the body. Includes levels of organization, homeostasis and disease, anatomical terms, integumentary system, skeletal system and articulations, muscular and nervous systems, autonomic nervous system, and special senses.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 156IN , or BIO BIO 181IN  and BIO 157 ; completion of a 200 level (or higher) Human Anatomy and Physiology course; or a passing grade on the Biology Assessment Exam.
Gen-Ed: Meets AGEC - SCI; Meets CTE - M&S.

Course Learning Outcomes
  1. Identify anatomical structures of organ systems.
  2. Describe physiological functions of organ systems.
  3. Discuss selected homeostatic mechanisms and their effects on organ systems.

Performance Objectives:
1. Perform activities to demonstrate improvement in the general education goals of communication or critical thinking.

2. List and describe the levels of organization and the general functions of the 11 organ systems.

3. Describe the importance of homeostasis and the mechanisms involved in maintaining normal physiological limits.

4. Use anatomical terms to describe body regions, sections, cavities, and relative positions.   

5. Identify the structures of the integumentary system and describe their functions.

6. Identify the structures of the skeletal system and describe their functions.

7. Classify the joints of the body and describe their structures and functions.

8. Identify the structures of the muscular system and describe their functions.

9. Identify the structures of the nervous system and describe their functions.

10. Identify the structures of the special senses and describe their functions.

  1. Levels of Organization
    1. Major levels in the human body
    2. Major components and functions of eleven (11) organ systems
    3. Integration of form and function
  2. Homeostasis and Disease
    1. Negative feedback
    2. Positive feedback
  3. Anatomical Terms
    1. Body regions, sections, and relative positions
    2. Body cavities 
  4. Integumentary System
    1. Functions of the integumentary system
    2. Structures and functions of the epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis and selected skin derivatives
    3. Homeostatic mechanisms of the skin, including thermoregulation
    4. Skin repair in response to injury
  5. Skeletal System
    1. Classification of bones
    2. Long and flat bone structure
    3. Bone and cartilage histology
    4. Physiology of bone formation, growth, and remodeling
    5. Bone’s role in calcium homeostasis and the three hormones that control blood calcium levels (PTH, calcitonin, calcitriol)
    6. Exercise and the skeletal system  
    7. Identification of selected human bones and their markings  
  6. Articulations
    1. Classification of joints
    2. Structure and function of a synovial joint and accessory structures
    3. Structures and functions of selected articulations
  7. Muscular System
    1. Muscle histology
    2. Sarcomeres and the sliding filament theory
    3. Neuromuscular junction and nerve stimulation
    4. Muscle physiology 
    5. Homeostatic mechanisms of muscles and muscle tissue, including thermoregulation
    6. Identification of selected muscles and their origins, insertions, and actions  
  8. Nervous System  
    1. Divisions of the nervous system
    2. Neuron structures and neurophysiology including resting, graded and action potentials, and neural integration
    3. Synapse structure and function, including neurotransmitters
    4. Selected brain structures and their functions
    5. Spinal cord structures and their functions
    6. Reflex arc and spinal reflexes
    7. Name, number, and function of cranial nerves and selected spinal nerves
    8. Sensory, motor, and integrative pathways, including learning/memory
  9. Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)
    1. Selected structures in the autonomic nervous system and their functions
    2. ANS control and homeostasis
  10. Special Senses
    1. The anatomical structures involved with vision; hearing and equilibrium; olfaction; and gustation.
    2. Special senses, mechanisms, and physiology