May 30, 2024  
2022-2023 College Catalog 
2022-2023 College Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

EMT 242 - ALS Advanced Foundations

4 Credits, 4.50 Contact Hours
3.75 lecture periods .75 lab periods

Continuation os EMT 219 . Foundations of skills and principles in preparing to be a paramedic. Includes medical terminology, the human body structure, and pathophysiology.

Prerequisite(s): EMT 219  
Information: Acceptance into the Paramedic  program is required before enrolling in this course.
  button image Prior Learning and link to PLA webpage

Course Learning Outcomes
  1. Define medical terminology.
  2. Identify the human body structures.
  3. Identify physiology foundations in Paramedicine.
  4. Identify pathophysiology foundations in Paramedicine.

Performance Objectives:
  1. Discuss cellular adaptation.
  2. Describe cellular injury and cellular death.
  3. Discuss analyzing disease risk.
  4. List types of tissues.
  5. Describe the inflammation process.
  6. Describe the phases of communications necessary to complete a typical Emergency Medical Services (EMS) event.
  7. Identify the general principles regarding the importance of EMS documentation and ways in which documents are used.

  1. General Principles
    1. Pathophysiology
    2. ALS applications
  2. Basic Cellular Review
    1. Classes of cells
    2. Chief cellular functions
    3. Cellular components
    4. Tissue types
  3. Alterations in Cells and Tissues
    1. Cellular adaptation
    2. Cellular injury
    3. Manifestations of cellular injury
    4. Cellular death/ necrosis
  4. The Cellular Environment
    1. Aging and distribution of body fluids
    2. Water movement between Intracellular Fluids (ICF) and Extracellular Fluids (ECF)
    3. Water movement between plasma and interstitial fluid
    4. Alterations in water movement
    5. Water balance and the role of electrolytes
    6. Acid-base balances
  5. Genetics and Familial Diseases
    1. Factors causing disease
    2. Analyzing disease risk
    3. Combined effects and interaction among risk factors
    4. Common familial disease and associated risk factors
  6. Hypo Perfusion
    1. Pathogenesis
    2. Types of Shock
    3. Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome (MODS)
    4. Cellular metabolism impairment
  7. Self-Defense Mechanisms
    1. Lines of defense
    2. Characteristics of the immune response
    3. Induction of the immune response
    4. Humoral immune response
    5. Cell-mediated immune response
    6. Cellular interactions
    7. Fetal and neonatal immune function
    8. The immune response in elderly
  8. Inflammation
    1. Acute inflammatory response
    2. Mast cells
    3. Plasma protein systems
    4. Cellular components of inflammation
    5. Cellular products
    6. Systemic responses of acute inflammation
    7. Chronic inflammation responses
    8. Local inflammation responses
    9. Phases of resolution and repair
    10. Aging and self-defense mechanisms
    11. Immunity and Inflammation Variances