May 21, 2024  
2022-2023 College Catalog 
    
2022-2023 College Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

CHM 235IN - General Organic Chemistry I [SUN# CHM 2235]

4 Credits, 6 Contact Hours
3 lecture periods 3 lab periods

Fundamentals of organic chemistry. Includes classification, occurrence, synthesis, analysis, Stereochemistry, and reaction mechanisms of important classes of organic compounds; namely alkanes, cycloalkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and alkyl halides. Also includes application of the organic chemistry concepts addressed, using a wide range of laboratory apparatus and procedures. Also focuses on laboratory safety skills and computer software applications related to chemistry.

Prerequisite(s): CHM 152IN  with a grade of C or better. 
Gen-Ed: Meets AGEC - SCI; Meets CTE - M&S. Meets AGEC - SCI; Meets CTE - M&S.




Course Learning Outcomes
  1. Construct synthetic schemes by which a variety of organic compounds may be prepared from simple, readily available starting materials.
  2. Deduce the structural formula of a given or unknown organic compound from spectroscopic (IR, MS and NMR) or chemical reactivity data.
  3. Demonstrate an understanding of 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional structure through use of organic drawing software and molecular modeling.

Performance Objectives:
  1. Given the structural formula or name of a large assortment of organic compounds, predict:
    1. the detailed 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional structure of a molecule;
    2. the reaction products arising from treatment with a variety of reagents;
    3. the way in which bonds are made and broken to bring about product formation in these reactions;
    4. the effect of structural alterations on reactivity (rate or position of equilibrium) in these reactions;
    5. fundamental physical properties of an organic compound.
  2. Construct synthetic schemes by which a variety of organic compounds may be prepared from simple, readily available starting materials.
  3. Deduce the structural formula of a given or unknown organic compound from spectroscopic (IR, MS and NMR) or chemical reactivity data.
  4. Demonstrate knowledge of sources and/or uses for organic compounds in the practical world.
  5. Apply the principles of organic chemistry to larger biomolecules and polymers.
  6. Demonstrate an understanding of 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional structure through use of organic drawing software and molecular modeling.
  7. Apply the above chemistry concepts and procedures in a “wet” laboratory setting with real laboratory equipment to:
    1. continue the development of  hands-on experience with a wide range of laboratory apparatus;
    2. continue to gain exposure to the hands-on use of chemical instrumentation;
    3. further individual expertise in a range of organic laboratory techniques.
  8. Apply microscale organic synthesis, laboratory safety skills and computer software skills as related to chemistry.  

Outline:
  1. Study of Alkanes
    1. Physical attributes
      1. Structure
      2. Nomenclature
      3. Physical Properties
    2. Chemistry of organic molecules
      1. Preparations
      2. Reactions
      3. Reaction mechanisms
      4. Stereochemistry
      5. Synthetic procedures
      6. Industrial applications
      7. Connections to biochemistry/polymers/real world applications
  2. Study of Cycloalkanes
    1. Physical attributes
      1. Structure
      2. Nomenclature
      3. Physical properties
    2. Chemistry of organic molecules
      1. Preparations
      2. Reactions
      3. Reaction mechanisms
      4. Stereochemistry
      5. Synthetic procedures
      6. Industrial applications
      7. Connections to biochemistry/polymers/real world applications
  3. Study of Alkenes
    1. Physical attributes
      1. Structure
      2. Nomenclature
      3. Physical properties
    2. Chemistry of organic molecules
      1. Preparations
      2. Reactions
      3. Reaction mechanisms
      4. Stereochemistry
      5. Synthetic procedures
      6. Industrial applications
      7. Connections to biochemistry/polymers/real world applications
  4. Study of Alkynes
    1. Physical attributes
      1. Structure
      2. Nomenclature
      3. Physical properties
    2. Chemistry of organic molecules
      1. Preparations
      2. Reactions
      3. Reaction mechanisms
      4. Stereochemistry
      5. Synthetic procedures
      6. Industrial applications
      7. Connections to biochemistry/polymers/real world applications
  5. Study of Alkyl Halides
    1. Physical attributes
      1. Structure
      2. Nomenclature
      3. Physical properties
    2. Chemistry of organic molecules
      1. Preparations
      2. Reactions
      3. Reaction mechanisms
      4. Stereochemistry
      5. Synthetic procedures
      6. Industrial applications
      7. Connections to biochemistry/polymers/real world applications
  6. Spectroscopy
    1. IR (infrared spectroscopy)
      1. Theory and instrumentation
      2. Analysis of spectra for organic molecules
    2. MS (mass spectroscopy)
      1. Theory and instrumentation
      2. Analysis of spectra for organic molecules
    3. NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance)
      1. Theory and instrumentation
      2. Analysis of spectra for organic molecules                        
  7. Fundamental Techniques in Synthesizing a Compound to Create a Synthetic Product
    1. Methods of heating reaction mixtures
    2. Reflux
    3. Distillation
    4. Extraction and isolation
    5. Vacuum filtration
    6. Recrystalization
  8. Characterization of Organic Molecules
    1. Melting point and/or boiling point determination
    2. Spectroscopy (IR, NMR and MS) based on availability of equipment
    3. Refractometry
    4. Polarimetry
    5. Chromatography (TLC and/or GC) based on availability of equipment
  9. Integrated Generally Applied Laboratory Procedures
    1. Microscale organic synthesis
    2. Laboratory safety skills
    3. Related computer software application
      1. Development of technical writing skills through keeping a laboratory experiment notebook and writing lab reports
      2. Other computer skills related to chemistry including Molecular Modeling and organic drawing software