Sep 21, 2023
BCT 153 - Finishing Techniques in Cabinet and Furniture Making 3 Credits, 5 Contact Hours
2 lecture periods 3 lab periods
Wood finishing techniques for cabinet and furniture making. Includes safe and effective use of a variety of wood finishes and finishing equipment, reasons for finishing wood, tools for applying finishes, oil finishes, wood stains, pore fillers, introduction to film finishes, shellac, lacquer, varnish, water-based finishes, conversion finishes, choosing a finish, “finishing” the finish, caring for wood finishes, repairing finishes, finishing different woods, and strippers.
Recommendation: Woodworking and cabinetmaking experience helpful. See a BCT faculty member for assistance.
Course Learning Outcomes
- Describe the safe and effective use of finishes and finishing equipment.
- Discuss the reasons for using wood finishes.
- Use methods of preparing the wood surface for finishing.
- Use finishing tools and equipment.
- Demonstrate the proper application of oil finishes.
- Demonstrate the proper application of wood stains.
- Demonstrate the proper application of wood pore fillers.
- Describe the application of film finishes.
- Demonstrate the proper application of shellac.
- Demonstrate the proper application of lacquer.
- Demonstrate the proper application of varnish.
- Discuss the pros and cons of water-based finishes.
- Demonstrate the proper application of conversion finishes.
- Describe methods for choosing the appropriate finish for the job.
- Demonstrate how to “finish” a finish.
- Discuss methods for caring for different wood finishes.
- Describe techniques for repairing damaged finishes.
- Discuss choosing the right finish for a variety of different woods.
- Describe the proper use of strippers in wood refinishing.
- Safety and Use of Wood Finishing
- Importance of cross ventilation
- Personal protective equipment and respirators
- Variety of wood finishes
- Finishing equipment
- Reasons for Finishing Wood
- Preparing the Wood Surface for Finishing
- Sanding and smoothing
- Dents, gouges, and holes
- Wood putties
- Tools for Applying Finishes
- Rags and brushes
- Spray guns and equipment
- Common spraying problems
- Oil Finishes
- Types of oil finishes
- Choosing an oil finish
- Applying oil finishes
- Wood Stains
- Understanding stains
- How woods react to stains
- Applying stain
- Pore Fillers
- Using finish to fill the pores
- Using paste-wood filler to fill the pores
- Introduction to Film Finishes
- Sealers and sanding sealers
- Understanding how finishes cure
- Solvents and thinners
- How shellac performs
- Categories of shellac
- Applying shellac
- Characteristics of lacquer
- Applying lacquer
- Common problems with lacquer
- Characteristics of varnish
- Applying varnish
- Common problems applying varnish
- Water-Based Finishes
- Understanding water-based finishes
- Characteristics of water-based finishes
- Applying water-based finishes
- Conversion Finishes
- Characteristics of conversion finishes
- Applying conversion finishes
- Choosing a Finish
- Appearance, protection, and durability
- Ease of application and safety
- How to choose the best finish for the job
- “Finishing” the Finish
- Factors in rubbing a finish
- Steel wool and synthetic steel wool
- Leveling and rubbing to a high gloss
- Caring for Wood Finishes
- Causes of finish deterioration
- Preventing finish deterioration
- How to choose the right finish maintenance product
- Repairing Finishes
- Repairing superficial damage
- Repairing color damage
- Repairing deep scratches and gouges
- Finishing Different Woods
- Pine, oak, walnut, and mahogany
- Hard maple, cherry, ash, elm, and chestnut
- Aromatic red cedar
- Oily woods
- Stripping solvents and chemicals
- Choosing which stripper to use
Add to Portfolio (opens a new window)