Sep 29, 2022  
2022-2023 College Catalog 
    
2022-2023 College Catalog
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BCT 153 - Finishing Techniques in Cabinet and Furniture Making

3 Credits, 5 Contact Hours
2 lecture periods 3 lab periods

Wood finishing techniques for cabinet and furniture making. Includes safe and effective use of a variety of wood finishes and finishing equipment, reasons for finishing wood, tools for applying finishes, oil finishes, wood stains, pore fillers, introduction to film finishes, shellac, lacquer, varnish, water-based finishes, conversion finishes, choosing a finish, “finishing” the finish, caring for wood finishes, repairing finishes, finishing different woods, and strippers.

Recommendation: Woodworking and cabinetmaking experience helpful. See a BCT faculty member for assistance.
  button image Prior Learning and link to PLA webpage

Course Learning Outcomes
  1. Describe the safe and effective use of finishes and finishing equipment.
  2. Discuss the reasons for using wood finishes.
  3. Use methods of preparing the wood surface for finishing.
  4. Use finishing tools and equipment.
  5. Demonstrate the proper application of oil finishes.
  6. Demonstrate the proper application of wood stains.
  7. Demonstrate the proper application of wood pore fillers.
  8. Describe the application of film finishes.
  9. Demonstrate the proper application of shellac.
  10. Demonstrate the proper application of lacquer.
  11. Demonstrate the proper application of varnish.
  12. Discuss the pros and cons of water-based finishes.
  13. Demonstrate the proper application of conversion finishes.
  14. Describe methods for choosing the appropriate finish for the job.
  15. Demonstrate how to “finish” a finish.
  16. Discuss methods for caring for different wood finishes.
  17. Describe techniques for repairing damaged finishes.
  18. Discuss choosing the right finish for a variety of different woods.
  19. Describe the proper use of strippers in wood refinishing.

Outline:
  1. Safety and Use of Wood Finishing
    1. Importance of cross ventilation
    2. Personal protective equipment and respirators
    3. Variety of wood finishes
    4. Finishing equipment
  2. Reasons for Finishing Wood
    1. Sanitation
    2. Stabilization
    3. Decoration
  3. Preparing the Wood Surface for Finishing
    1. Sanding and smoothing
    2. Dents, gouges, and holes
    3. Wood putties
  4. Tools for Applying Finishes
    1. Rags and brushes
    2. Spray guns and equipment
    3. Common spraying problems
  5. Oil Finishes
    1. Types of oil finishes
    2. Choosing an oil finish
    3. Applying oil finishes
  6. Wood Stains
    1. Understanding stains
    2. How woods react to stains
    3. Applying stain
  7. Pore Fillers
    1. Using finish to fill the pores
    2. Using paste-wood filler to fill the pores
  8. Introduction to Film Finishes
    1. Sealers and sanding sealers
    2. Understanding how finishes cure
    3. Solvents and thinners
  9. Shellac
    1. How shellac performs
    2. Categories of shellac
    3. Applying shellac
  10. Lacquer
    1. Characteristics of lacquer
    2. Applying lacquer
    3. Common problems with lacquer
  11. Varnish
    1. Characteristics of varnish
    2. Applying varnish
    3. Common problems applying varnish
  12. Water-Based Finishes
    1. Understanding water-based finishes
    2. Characteristics of water-based finishes
    3. Applying water-based finishes
  13. Conversion Finishes
    1. Characteristics of conversion finishes
    2. Applying conversion finishes
  14. Choosing a Finish
    1. Appearance, protection, and durability
    2. Ease of application and safety
    3. How to choose the best finish for the job
  15. “Finishing” the Finish
    1. Factors in rubbing a finish
    2. Steel wool and synthetic steel wool
    3. Leveling and rubbing to a high gloss
  16. Caring for Wood Finishes
    1. Causes of finish deterioration
    2. Preventing finish deterioration
    3. How to choose the right finish maintenance product
  17. Repairing Finishes
    1. Repairing superficial damage
    2. Repairing color damage
    3. Repairing deep scratches and gouges
  18. Finishing Different Woods
    1. Pine, oak, walnut, and mahogany
    2. Hard maple, cherry, ash, elm, and chestnut
    3. Aromatic red cedar
    4. Birch
    5. Oily woods
  19. Strippers
    1. Stripping solvents and chemicals
    2. Choosing which stripper to use


Effective Term:
Spring 2013



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