Sep 30, 2022  
2022-2023 College Catalog 
    
2022-2023 College Catalog
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ART 106 - Survey of Painting Materials and Techniques

3 Credits, 5 Contact Hours
2 lecture periods 3 lab periods

Technical, theoretical, and historical investigation of painting methods in art, from ancient times to contemporary times. Includes materials used in painting; watercolor, fresco, and encaustic techniques; the glair technique, egg tempera technique, the indirect oil technique, the direct oil technique, the acrylic technique, and socio-economic conditions and contemporary issues.

Gen-Ed: Meets AGEC - FA; Meets CTE - A&H.





Course Learning Outcomes
  1. Describe and demonstrate the use of basic painting materials such as pigment, brushes, palette, palette knife, medium, solvents, supports as well as basic safety in the studio.
  2. Describe the materials methods and use of the Encaustic Watercolor, and Fresco Techniques and the historic political and economic systems and events that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in ancient Egypt, Greece, Tome, and non-Western cultures.
  3. Demonstrate and describe the materials and method used in the Glair technique and the historic political and economic systems and events that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in the Byzantine Era and the early Middle Ages, as well as its use in non-Western cultures.
  4. Demonstrate and describe the materials and method used in the Egg Tempera Technique and the historic political and economic systems and events that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in the High Middle Ages, as well as its use in non-Western cultures.
  5. Demonstrate and describe the materials and method used in the Indirect Oil Technique and the historic political and economic systems and events that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in the Renaissance, as well as its use in non-Western cultures.
  6. Demonstrate and describe the materials and method used in the Direct Oil Technique and the historic political and economic systems and events that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in the 1800’s in Europe and the United States, as well as its use in non-Western cultures.
  7. Demonstrate and describe the materials and method used in the Acrylic Technique and the historic political and economic systems and events that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in the 1940’s in the United States, as well as its use in non-Western cultures.
  8. Describe the global Modern and Contemporary use of Fresco, Encaustic, Glair, Egg Tempera, the Indirect and Direct Oil, Acrylic, and Watercolor techniques.

Outline:
  1. Materials Used in Painting
    1. Pigments
    2. Medium
    3. Brushes
    4. Palette and palette knife
    5. Solvent
    6. Support
    7. Basic safety in the painting studio
  2. The Watercolor, Fresco, and Encaustic Techniques
    1. Materials used for Encaustic technique
    2. Materials used in the Fresco technique
    3. Materials used in the Watercolor technique
    4. Historic political and economic systems and events that affected the living and working conditions of  the artist in Ancient Egypt
      1. Political system and events of Ancient Egypt and its impact in art
      2. Religion in Ancient Egypt and its impact in art
      3. Economy, war, and trade in Ancient Egypt and its impact in art
      4. The artist, education, and livelihood in Ancient Egypt
  3. Historic political and economic systems that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in  Ancient Greece and Rome
    1. Political system and events of the Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations and their impact in art
    2. Religion in Ancient Greece and Tome and its impact in art
    3. Economy, war, and trade in Ancient Greece and Tome and its impact in art
    4. The artist, education, and livelihood in Ancient Greece and Rome
  4. Use of Encaustic, Watercolor, and Fresco in non-Western cultures
  5. Steps in the creation of a Watercolor painting
  6. Steps in the creation of a Encaustic painting
  7. Steps in the creation of a Fresco Secco and a Buon Fresco painting
  8. Research and selection of the model
  9. Preparation of under-drawing
  10. Demonstration of the Watercolor technique
  11. Preparation of Watercolor paint
  12. Painting of the reproduction
  13. Terminology related to formal analysis, iconography, style, and contemporary global issues in art
  14. Global use of Watercolor, Encaustic, and Fresco by modern and contemporary artists
  15. The Glair Technique
    1. Historic political and economic systems that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in the Byzantine Era and Early Middle Ages
      1. Political systems of the Byzantine Era and the Early Middle Ages and their impact in art
      2. Religion in the Byzantine Era and the Early Middle Ages and its impact in art
      3. Economy, war, and trade in the Byzantine Era and the Early Middle Ages and its impact in art
      4. The artist, education, and livelihood in the Byzantine Era and the Early Middle Ages
  16. Use of Glair technique in non-Western cultures
  17. Materials used, research, and selection of the model
  18. Preparation of ground and under-drawing
  19. Demonstration of Glair technique
  20. Preparation of Glair
  21. Painting of the reproduction
  22. Terminology related to formal analysis, iconography, style, and contemporary global issues in art
  23. Global use of Glair technique and illuminations by modern and contemporary artists
  24. Egg Tempera Technique
    1. Historical political and economic systems that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in the High Middle Ages
      1. Political systems of the High Middle Ages and their impact in art
      2. Religion in the High Middle Ages and its impact in art
      3. Economy, war, and trade in the High Middle Ages and its impact in art
      4. The artist, education, and livelihood in the High Middle Ages
  25. The Use of the Egg Tempera technique in non-Western cultures
  26. Materials used, research, and selection of the model
  27. Preparation of ground, gesso on wood panel
  28. Under-drawing
  29. Verdaccio
  30. Demonstration of Egg Tempera technique
  31. Preparation of Egg Tempera
  32. Painting of the reproduction
  33. Gold leaf application
  34. Terminology related to formal analysis, iconography, style, and contemporary global issues in art
  35. Global use of the Egg Tempera technique by modern and contemporary artists
  36. The Indirect Oil Technique
    1. Historic political and economic systems that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in  the Renaissance
      1. Political systems of the Renaissance and their impact in art
      2. Religion in the Renaissance and its impact in art
      3. Economy, war, and trade in the Renaissance and its impact in art
      4. The artist, education, and livelihood in the Renaissance
  37. Use of the Indirect Oil technique in non-Western cultures
  38. Material used, research, and selection of the model
  39. Preparation of ground, stretching, and gesso of cotton canvas
  40. Under-drawing
  41. Grisaille
  42. Demonstration of glaze and scumbling
  43. Preparation of paint
  44. Painting of the reproduction
  45. Varnishing
  46. Terminology related to formal analysis, iconography, style, and contemporary global issues in art
  47. Global use of the Indirect technique by modern and contemporary artists
  48. The Direct Oil Technique (Allaprima)
    1. Historic, political, and economic systems that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in the 1800’s in Europe and the United States, including cultural non-Western influences
      1. Political systems of the 1800’s in Europe and the United States and their impact in art
      2. Economy, war, and trade in the 1800’s in Europe, United States, Asia, and Africa and its impact in art
      3. The artist, education, and livelihood in the 1800’s in Europe and United States
  49. Use of the Alla Prima technique in non-Western cultures
  50. Materials used, research, and selection of the model
  51. Preparation of ground
  52. Demonstration of the direct method  
  53. Preparation of paint
  54. Painting of the reproduction
  55. Terminology related to formal analysis, iconography, style, and contemporary global issues in art
  56. Global use of Allaprima technique by modern and contemporary artists
  57. The Acrylic Technique
    1. Historic political and economic systems that affected the living and working conditions of the artist in the 1940’s in the United States
      1. Political system of the 1940’s in the United States and its impact in art
      2. Economy, war, and trade in the 1940’s in the United States and its impact in art
      3. The artist, education, and livelihood in the 1940’s United States
  58. Use of the Acrylic technique in non-Western cultures
  59. Materials used, research, and selection of the model
  60. Preparation of ground
  61. Preparation of paint
  62. Painting of the reproduction
  63. Terminology related to formal analysis, iconography, style, and contemporary global issues in art
  64. Global use of the Acrylic technique by modern and contemporary artists
  65. Socio-Economic Conditions and Contemporary Issues
    1. Geographical influences
    2. Social values
    3. Religious values
    4. Political values
    5. Economic values
    6. Access to training and education
    7. Women in art
    8. Access to materials
    9. Patronage
    10. Migrations
    11. Syncretism
    12. Global influences
    13. Global discoveries that impacted the development of materials and techniques
      1. Discovery of natural gums and solvents
      2. Creation of paper: from skin to books
      3. The chemical bonds of fresco, egg white, and egg yolk
      4. Linear and aerial perspective
      5. Camera obscura
      6. Ancient pigments, sources, and manufacturing
      7. Modern pigments, sourcing, and manufacturing
      8. Rendering devices
      9. The tube
      10. Optical discoveries and devices
      11. The discovery of plastic

 


Effective Term:
Full Academic Year 2019/2020



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