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# RAD 172LB - Medical Imaging Technology I Lab

0.5 Credits, 1.5 Contact Hours
0 lecture periods 1.5 lab periods

This is the lab portion of RAD 172 . Introduction to the principles of x-ray production. Includes matter and the atom, mass and energy; electricity, magnetism, and electromagnetism; x-ray tubes, x-ray generators, diagnostic x-ray systems, ALARA guidelines and practices, and the prime factors.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 201IN , RAD 170  and RAD 170LB .
Corequisite(s): RAD 171 , RAD 171LB , RAD 172 , RAD 173LC
Information: Consent of program director is required before enrolling in this course.

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Describe ALARA (As Low as Reasonably Achievable) guidelines and practices.
2. Discuss the “Prime Factors”; milliamperage, kilovoltage, exposure time, and distance and calculate mathematical problems related to each.

Performance Objectives:
1. Describe the characteristics of matter and energy.
2. Identify the various forms of energy.
3. Define electromagnetic radiation and specifically ionizing radiation
4. State the relative intensity of ionizing radiation from various sources
5. Relate the accidental discovery of x-rays by Roentgen
6. Discuss examples of human injury caused by radiation
7. List the concepts of basic radiation protection
8. Discuss the derivation of scientific systems of measurements
9. List the three systems of measurement
10. Identify nine categories of mechanics
11. List and define units of radiation and radioactivity
12. Review mathematics for radiologic science
13. Identify the structure of the atom and electron binding energy
14. Explain the difference between two forms of ionizing radiation: particulate and electromagnetic
15. Discuss half-life and radioactivity
16. Discuss the electromagnetic spectrum
17. Describe the difference between Frequency and Wavelength
18. Describe and compute math problems for Inverse Square Law
19. Properties of matter and energy
20. Define types of electric circuits
21. Compute math problems for OHM’s law and Power formula
22. Relate the experiments of Oersted, Lenz, and Faraday in defining the relationships between electricity and magnetism.
23. Explain the operation of the high-voltage generator, including the Filament Transformer and the rectifiers
24. Relate the important differences among single-phase, three-phase, and high-frequency power
25. Explain how the different types of transformers work
26. Discuss the different types of generators and how they work
27. Describe the general design of and x-ray tube
28. Define actual and effective focal spots
29. Define and draw a representation of the Line Focus Principal
30. Define Bucky/Grid Factor and be able to compute math problems
31. Describe how added beam filtration effects density and contrast
32. Explain the types of Compensating filters and when to use them

Outline:
1. Matter and the Atom, Mass, and Energy
2. Electricity, Magnetism, and Electromagnetism
3. The X-Ray Tube
4. X-Ray Generators
5. Diagnostic X-Ray Systems
6. ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) Guidelines and Practices
7. The Prime Factors

Effective Term:
Spring 2020