Jul 15, 2024  
2021-2022 College Catalog 
2021-2022 College Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

MLT 250IN - Clinical Microbiology

5 Credits, 9 Contact Hours
3 lecture periods 6 lab periods

Introduction to the structure, identification, and control of bacteria. Includes categories and classification of bacteria, ecology and spread of bacteria, pathogenesis of bacterial infections, clinical bacteriology methodology, various organisms, clinically significant anaerobic bacteria, methods in antimicrobial testing, mycobacteria, viruses and other microorganisms, and local disease processes.

Prerequisite(s): With a grade of B or better: BIO 205IN , and MAT 151  or assessment into MAT 189 .
Information: Students must be admitted to the Medical Laboratory Technician program or obtain consent of instructor before enrolling in this course. IN is the integrated version of the course with the lecture and lab taught simultaneously.
  button image Prior Learning and link to PLA webpage

Course Learning Outcomes
1.   Identify proper growth requirements for bacterial organisms, their clinical significance and susceptibility to       antibiotics by interpreting smears, correlating specific microbiology test results with organisms and disease       states, and interpreting susceptibility procedural results.

2.   Employ basic techniques used in bacteriology, including proper operation of the compound microscope,       aseptic handling of bacteriology specimens, preparation and staining bacteriological smears, selection of       proper media, and performance of susceptibility procedures.

3.   Improve critical thinking and organizational skills by attending class, completing assignments, and      participating in problem solving discussions.

  1. Introduction
    1. Role of the clinical microbiologist
    2. Factors impacting the current and future operation of the microbiology laboratory
    3. Basic bacteriology concepts
      1. Taxonomy
      2. Morphology
      3. Genetics
      4. Metabolism
    4. Host microorganism interactions
  2. Clinical Bacteriology Methodology
    1. Specimen collection, transport, and processing
    2. Direct smear preparation and microscopic examination
    3. Laboratory cultivation of bacteria
    4. Control of microorganisms
      1. Sterilization
      2. Disinfection
      3. Antisepsis
    5. Quality assurance in the clinical bacteriology laboratory
  3. Categories and Classification of Bacteria
  4. Ecology and Spread of Bacteria
  5. Pathogenesis of Bacterial Infections
  6. Catalase Positive Gram Positive Cocci
    1. Staphylococcus
    2. Micrococcus
  7. Catalase Negative Gram Positive Cocci
    1. Streptococcus
    2. Streptococcus-like bacteria
  8. Gram Negative Cocci
    1. Neisseria
    2. Moraxella
  9. Enterobacteriaceae
    1. Clinical significant tribes and genera
    2. Proteeae
    3. Salmonella
    4. Shigella
    5. Citrobactereae
    6. Eschericheae
    7. Klebsiellae
    8. Yersiniae
  10. Vibrionaceae
    1. Characteristics of the genus
    2. Vibrio cholerae
    3. Other vibrios
  11. Campylobacter and Related Taxa
    1. Enteric campylobacters
    2. Other clinically significant campylobacters
    3. Arcobacter, helicobacter, and flexispira
  12. Nonfermentative Gram Negative Bacilli
    1. Pseudomonads
    2. Acinetobacter
    3. Alcaligenes
  13. Hemophilus
  14. Miscellaneous Gram Negative Bacilli
    1. Gardnerella
    2. Legionella
    3. Bordetella
    4. Francisella
    5. Pasteurella
    6. Brucella
  15. Aerobic Gram Positive, Non-Sporeforming Bacilli
    1. Corynebacterium
    2. Listeria
    3. Lactobacilli
  16. Aerobic Spore-Forming Gram Positive Bacilli
    1. Bacillus anthrax
    2. Bacillus cereus
  17. Clinically Significant Anaerobic Bacteria
    1. Collection and transport of specimens
    2. Procedures for isolation and characterization of anaerobes
    3. Clostridium genus
    4. Anaerobic gram negative bacilli
    5. Anaerobic gram positive cocci
  18. Spirochetes
    1. Treponema
    2. Leptospira
    3. Borrelia
  19. Methods in Antimicrobial Testing
    1. Principles and procedures
    2. Quality control
    3. Major classes of antibiotics and their mode of action
    4. Safety precautions
  20. Mycobacteria
    1. Morphology and staining characteristics
    2. Pathogenic species
    3. Culture methods
  21. Viruses and Other Microorganisms
    1. Viruses (e.g. cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, influenza, varicella-zoster)
    2. Other microorganisms (e.g. chlamydia and mycoplasma)
  22. Local Disease Processes
    1. Urinary tract
    2. Normally sterile body fluids
    3. Respiratory tract
    4. Genital tract
    5. Skin, soft tissues, joints, bone
    6. Intestinal disease
    7. Central nervous system
    8. Eye

Effective Term:
Full Academic Year 2020/21