Aug 01, 2021
FSC 160 - Wildland Firefighting 2 Credits, 3 Contact Hours
1.5 lecture periods 1.5 lab periods
Basic wildland firefighting. Includes locating and reporting the fire, incident operations and management, suppression equipment, fire behavior, size-up, methods of suppression, and safety.
Information: This course meets Arizona Center for Fire Service Excellence and Arizona Department of Forestry Guidelines for Wildland Firefighting Training.
Course Learning Outcomes
- Identify and describe the contributing factors and indicators that affect the start, spread and rapid increase of wildland fire for the safe and effective fire management activities.
- Demonstrate knowledge in the preparation and proper and safe use of all common PPE, tools, resources and equipment used in effective fire management activities
- Demonstrate knowledge in all NWCG created safety tools designed to insure adequate hazard assessment and clear communications.
- Demonstrate knowledge in the national, state and local agencies organization and resource deployment utilized in the control of wildfire.
- Demonstrate knowledge of wildfire suppression strategy and tactics.
- Demonstrate a basic knowledge of common non-wildland fire related exposures, including threatened structures and hazardous material, which commonly complicate or threaten the wildland fire arena.
- Discuss the relationship between State and local government wildland firefighting organizations and the federal wildland firefighting organizations.
- Identify and discuss: the three sides of the fire triangle; the environmental factors of wildland fire behavior that affect the start and spread of wildland fires; and the situations that indicate problem or extreme for behavior.
- Demonstrate the use of portable weather equipment.
- Identify parts of a fire and define fire behavior and other useful firefighting terms.
- Explain the importance of the proper use and maintenance of assigned Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
- List the benefits of maintaining a high level of physical fitness and health and staying hydrated can reduce firefighting fatigue.
- Demonstrate knowledge of the National Interagency Incident Management System (NIIMS), Incident Command System (ICS) and the firefighter’s chain of command as it relates to an incident.
- Demonstrate familiarity with the Fireline Handbook and Incident Response Pocket Guide, identifying types and cultural differences of resources utilized in wildland fire operations.
- Identify the Watch Out Situations and common denominators on tragedy fires.
- Apply the appropriate Standard Firefighting Orders to minimize the potential for serious injury or death.
- Describe how Lookouts, Communications, Escape Routes and Safety Zones (LCES) is related to the Standard Firefighting Orders (SFO).
- Discuss the function, inspection and care of the fire shelter and demonstrate its proper deployment and use.
- Identify safety hazards and explain how Human Factors, Situational Awareness, Risk Management, communications, and teamwork affect the risk of injury.
- Identify safety procedures as applicable to travel to and from the fire.
- Demonstrate the proper use, handling and maintenance of commonly used hand tools.
- Demonstrate the proper use, handling and maintenance of commonly used fire ignitions tools.
- Identify and demonstrate the proper use, handling and care of commonly used water tools including the backpack pump, fire hose lines, and couplings, adaptors and accessories.
- Describe and demonstrate hose lay and fire stream methods.
- Describe the methods and hazards of suppressing wild fires utilizing various fire control lines and identify threats to the fire line and personnel.
- Describe coordination techniques of crews and explain tactical considerations utilizing various resources.
- Describe a systematic method of locating spot fires and other considerations when patrolling a fire.
- Describe the proper procedures, use, and care of radio equipment.
- Explain the importance of and techniques for mop up of a wildland fire.
- Explain the importance of an “After action Review” and how it relates to the Wildland Firefighter.
- Explain the general guidelines when reacting to a possible hazardous materials emergency.
- Identify the wildland/urban interface watch out situations and personnel safety concerns in wildland/urban interface fires.
- Demonstrate the proper set up and operation of a portable pump
- Find a geographic location on a map and determine the legal description, as defined by the Public Land Survey System, and vice versa.
- Course Introduction and Overview of Wildland Firefighting
- Introduction of course, instructors, students, and course requirements
- Operation of state firefighting organizations
- Interagency relationships
- Role of local fire department
- Introduction to Wildland Fire Behavior
- Basic fire behavior concepts
- Fire triangle
- Heat transfer
- Fire weather
- Fire Terminology
- Parts of the fire
- Fire behavior terms
- Other useful terms in firefighting
- Firefighter Preparedness
- Physical fitness
- Personal and camp hygiene
- Incident Command System (ICS)
- Chain of command
- ICS structure
- Responsibilities of each ICS sections
- Resource Classification
- Crew typing
- Machine typing
- Cultural differences
- Firefighter Safety
- Watch outs situations and standard fire orders
- Common denominators of tragedy fires
- Fire shelter deployment
- Human factors
- Situational awareness
- Risk management
- Travel Safety
- Travel to and from fire assignments
- Various modes of transportation
- Hand Tools
- Ignition Devices
- Drip torch
- Water Tools
- backpack pumps
- methods of attack
- suppression techniques
- coordinated crew techniques
- engine tactics
- retardant operations
- Patrol and Communications
- Patrol considerations
- Radio(s) use and procedures
- Mop Up
- Dry mop up
- Wet mop up
- Machine piles
- Cold trailing
- Practical Skills Lab
- Fire shelter drill and deployment
- Fireline construction and hand tool maintenance
- Portable pump operations
- Progressive hose lays
- Hazardous Material
- Clues for detection
- Wildland and Urban Interface (WUI)
- WUI Watch Outs
- Safety considerations
- Portable Pumps
- Locating and Reporting a Fire
- Maps and mapping systems
- Standard mapping symbols and legends
- Public land survey system and legal descriptions
- Land ownership, geographic locations, and acreage estimations
- Fire reporting information and recordkeeping
Full Academic Year 2018/19
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