Jan 18, 2022
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# FSC 125 - Hydraulics and Water Supply

2.5 Credits, 3.5 Contact Hours
2 lecture periods 1.5 lab periods

Introduction to hydraulics and water supply in fire service. Includes theoretical foundations and principles of water use in fire protection, water distribution systems, and survey of hydraulic principles to analyze and to solve water supply problems.

Information: This class is in compliance with the Fire and Emergency Services Higher Education (FESHE) model curriculum.

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Describe water hydraulics and water hydraulic principles and discuss water as an extinguishing agent.
2. Describe the function of special fire suppression systems and apply the application of mathematics and physics to the movement of water in fire suppression activities.
3. List and describe the various sprinkler and standpipes water distributions systems.
4. List and describe the various types of water distribution systems and identify the design principles of fire service pumping apparatus.
5. Discuss the principles and use of portable tanks and drafting during water tanker/tender operations.

Performance Objectives:
1. Describe water hydraulics as it relates to fire protection and apply water hydraulic principles.
2. Discuss water as an extinguishing agent.
3. Apply the application of mathematics and physics to the movement of water in fire suppression activities.
4. Demonstrate, through problem solving, a thorough understanding of the principles of forces that affect water, both at rest and in motion.
5. List and describe the various types of water distribution systems.
6. Identify the design principles of fire service pumping apparatus.
7. Discuss the various types of fire pumps.
8. Explain fire streams, calculate fire flow requirements and analyze community fire flow demand criteria.
9. Discuss the proper procedures for the use of portable tanks and drafting during water tanker/tender operations.
10. Describe the function of special fire suppression systems.

Outline:
1. Water as an Extinguishing Agent
1. Physical properties
2. Pressure and force
3. Terms and definitions
2. Math Review
1. Fractions
2. Ratios, proportions, and percentages
3. Power and roots
3. Water at Rest
1. Basic principles of hydrostatics
1. Pressure and force
2. Six principles of fluid pressure
3. Pressure as a function of height and density
4. Atmospheric pressure
2. Measuring devices for static pressure
3. Tank and container capacity
1. Volume
2. Weight
4. Water in Motion
1. Basic principles of hydrokinetics
2. Measuring devices for measuring flow
3. Relationship of discharge velocity, orifice size, and flow
5. Water Distribution Systems
1. Water sources
2. Public water distribution systems
3. Private water distribution systems
4. Capacity and distribution
5. Friction loss in piping systems
6. Fire hydrants and flow testing
7. Hydraulics and testing
8. Emergency provisions
6. Fire Pumps
1. Pump theory
2. Pump classifications
3. Priming systems
4. Pump capacity
5. Pump gauges and control devices
6. Testing fire pumps
7. Fire Streams
1. Calculating fire flow requirements
2. Effective horizontal and vertical reach
3. Appliances for nozzles
4. Performance of smooth-bore and combination nozzles
5. Hand-held lines
6. Master streams
7. Nozzle pressures and reaction
8. Water hammer and cavitation.
9. Solid streams
10. Fog streams reach and penetration
8. Friction Loss
1. Factors affecting friction loss
2. Maximum efficient flow in fire hose
3. Calculating friction loss in fire hose
4. Friction loss in appliances
5. Reducing friction loss
9. Engine Pressures
1. Factors affecting engine pressure
2. Multiple lines
3. Elevated and appliance application
10. Standpipe  and Sprinkler Systems
1. Standpipe systems
1. Classifications
2. Components
3. Supplying standpipe systems
2. Sprinkler Systems
1. Classifications
2. Components
3. Supplying sprinkler systems
11. Standard Operating Guidelines
1. Initial pressures
2. Tip sizes
3. Master streams
12. Fire Ground Operations
1. Operational considerations
2. Relay
3. Tanker/tender operations
4. Portable tanks
5. Drafting
13. Special Systems
1. Foam
2. Standpipes
3. Automatic sprinklers

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