BIO 160IN - Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
4 Credits, 6 Contact Hours
3 lecture periods 3 lab periods
Structure and dynamics of the human body. Includes foundations such as chemical, cellular and tissue levels of organization. Also includes major structures and functions of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems.
Gen-Ed: Meets AGEC - SCI; Meets CTE - M&S.
Course Learning Outcomes
- Identify anatomical structures of organ systems.
- Describe physiological functions of organ systems.
- Discuss selected homeostatic mechanisms and their effects on organ systems.
1. Perform activities to demonstrate improvement in the general education goals of communication and critical thinking.
2. Identify key components of the scientific method and apply the scientific process.
3. List and describe the levels of organization.
4. Discuss the chemical and cellular foundations of anatomy and physiology.
5. Describe and identify the primary human tissues, and give examples of when each is used and where each can be found.
6. Identify the major selected structures of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive system.
7. Describe the functions of each significant organ and explain how these structures work together to accomplish the primary task(s) of the system.
I. Scientific Process
A. Scientific experimentation
B. Analyzing and reporting results
II. Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
A. Levels of organization
B. Organ systems overview
C. Homeostasis and disease
III. Chemical Foundations of Anatomy and Physiology
A. General chemistry
B. Introduction to biochemistry and macromolecules
C. Introduction to reactions, enzymes, and catalysis
IV. Cellular and Histological Foundations of Anatomy and Physiology
A. Structure and function of cellular organelles
B. Introduction to the gene and protein synthesis
C. Structure and functions of selected human tissues
V. The Integumentary System
A. Functions of the integumentary system
B. Structures of the epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis
VI. The Skeletal System
A. Identification of selected human bones
B. Bone tissue
VII. The Muscular System
A. Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle tissue
B. Physiology of muscle contraction including glucose energy needs and oxygen demand
C. Identification of major muscle groups and selected superficial muscles
VIII. The Nervous System and Sensory Organs
A. Organization of the nervous system
B. Identification of selected nerves
C. Nervous tissue and the action potential
D. Conduction of the signal to other neurons and effector organs
E. Structure and function of selected special senses
IX. The Endocrine System
A. Hormone production and function
B. Structure and function of selected endocrine organs
X. The Cardiovascular System and Blood
A. Structure of arteries, veins, capillaries, and the heart
B. The circulatory pathway including identification of major arteries and veins
C. The heart beat and blood flow through the cardiovascular system
D. Components of blood
XI. The Lymphatic System and Body Defenses
A. Lymph vessels and lymph nodes
B. The immune response
XII. The Respiratory System
A. Functional anatomy of the respiratory system
B. Respiratory physiology
XIII. The Digestive System
A. Structure of the digestive organs
B. Chemical and mechanical digestion
XIV. The Urinary System
A. Organs of the urinary system
B. Structure of the nephron and urine formation
XV. The Reproductive System
A. Anatomy of the male and female reproductive systems
B. Sperm production
C. Egg production and the menstrual cycle
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