Jul 05, 2022  
2021-2022 College Catalog 
2021-2022 College Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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BIO 127IN - Human Nutrition and Biology

4 Credits, 6 Contact Hours
3 lecture periods 3 lab periods

Principles of nutrition presented in the context of human biology. Includes chemistry, digestion, absorption, and metabolism of nutrients. Also includes biological and nutritional perspectives on various health issues such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, diabetes, and osteoporosis, including genetic and epigenetic effects. Also covers analysis of scientific studies relating to nutrition.

Information: Same as FSN 127IN .
Gen-Ed: Meets AGEC - SCI; Meets CTE - M&S.

Course Learning Outcomes
1.     Utilize scientific methods to formulate and answer questions.

2.     Apply biological principles to current issues.

Performance Objectives:
  1. Demonstrate improvement in the general education goals of communication and critical thinking.
  2. Evaluate the design, results, and conclusions of various nutritional studies.
  3. Explain the purpose and significance of dietary recommendations.
  4. Describe the biology of human digestion and absorption in general, as well as the nutritional, metabolic, and physiological significance of carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, lipids, vitamins, major minerals, trace elements, and non-nutrient substances.
  5. Describe several nutrient-nutrient and drug-nutrient interactions.
  6. Elaborate on basic aspects of clinical nutrition, and various nutrition related issues.
  7. Describe how nutrient needs change during human development from the embryonic period through adulthood, along with the nutritional needs during pregnancy and lactation.
  8. Evaluate the tendencies and risks associated with genetic and epigenetic effects on nutrition and health.
  9. Competently analyze diets applying principles learned in this course using either food composition tables or dietary analysis software.

I.       Introduction to Human Nutrition and Biology

A.      Definitions of nutrition, nutritional status, nutrients, and risk factors

B.      The cell

C.      Nutritional science

                     1.   Nutritional studies: design, types, and criticism

                     2.   Methods of nutritional assessment

D.      Measurement and graphing relevant to nutritional science

II.       Dietary Recommendations, Nutrient Density, and Desirable Blood Profile

III.      Human Biology of Nutrition

         A.   Anatomy and physiology of human digestive system

         B.   Digestion & absorption

         C.   Role of enzymes in biology and nutrition

         D.   Energy metabolism

IV.     Digestion, Absorption, Metabolism, Deficiency Symptoms, Food Sources, and/or Biological Effects (beyond the prevention of deficiency symptoms) for the following:

         A.   Carbohydrates

         B.   Proteins and amino acids

         C.   Lipids

         D.   Vitamins

         E.   Minerals and trace elements

         F.   Non-nutrient substances such as dietary fiber and various phytochemicals

         G.   Nutrient-nutrient interactions

V.      Developmental Nutrition

         A.   Maternal nutrition (both pregnancy and lactation)

         B.   Nutrition from the embryonic period through adulthood and aging

VI.     Biology and Nutrition of Health Issues

         A.   Cardiovascular disease

         B.   Cancer

         C.   Hypertension

         D.   Obesity

         E.   Lactose intolerance

         F.   Diabetes

         G.   Osteoporosis

         H.   Eating disorders

         I.    Alcohol consumption

         J.   Food sensitivities and allergies

         K.   Weight loss and weight gain

         L.   Effects of dietary phytochemicals

         M.  Food safety

         N.   Pesticides and food additives

         O.   Genetics and nutrition

         P.   Epigenetics and nutrition

VII.    Clinical Nutrition

         A.   Biology of diseases and their effects on nutrition

         B.   Effects of disease treatment on nutrition

         C.   Diet therapy for selected diseases and disorders

         D.   Drug-nutrient interactions

VIII.    Current Nutrition Issues

         A.   Myths

         B.   Misleading advertisements

         C.   Nutrition public policy

         D.   World hunger

         E.   Genetically modified foods

Effective Term:
Fall 2016

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