May 21, 2024  
2022-2023 College Catalog 
    
2022-2023 College Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

AVM 231 - Engine Principles, Monitoring and Inspection

3.5 Credits, 8 Contact Hours
1.25 lecture periods 6.75 lab periods

Principles, monitoring, and inspection of engines. Includes theory and construction of powerplants, requirements, types of engines, reciprocating engine design and construction, radial engine design and construction, reciprocating engine operating principles, engine power and efficiencies, turbine engine construction, turbine engine sub-assemblies, turbo prop engines, turbine engine operation principles, engine instrumentation, instrument principles of operation, maintenance of instruments and systems, and engine inspection requirements.

  button image Prior Learning and link to PLA webpage

Course Learning Outcomes
  1. Demonstrate proficient knowledge of reciprocating engine theory
  2. Demonstrate proficient knowledge of turbine engine theory
  3. Demonstrate proficient knowledge of engine instrumentation
  4. Demonstrate proficient knowledge of engine inspection procedures

Outline:
  1. Theory and Construction of Powerplants:  Types and Terms
    1. Reciprocating
    2. Turbo jet
    3. Turbo props
    4. Fan Jet
    5. Pulse jet
    6. Ram jet
    7. Rocket
  2. Requirements
    1. Power and weight
    2. Fuel economy
    3. Durability and reliability
    4. Operating flexibility
    5. Compactness
    6. Power plant selection
  3. Types of Engines
    1. Inline engines
    2. Opposed, O type engines
    3. V-type engines
    4. Radial engines
  4. Reciprocating Engine Design and Construction
    1. Basic reciprocating part 
    2. Crank case sections
    3. Crank shafts
    4. Connecting rods
    5. Pistons and pins, rings
    6. Cylinders and valve train
    7. Bearings
    8. Accessory case
    9. Numbering of cylinders
    10. Firing order
  5. Radial Engine Design and Construction
    1. Nose section
    2. Power section
    3. Diffuser section
    4. Accessory section
    5. Numbering of cylinders
    6. Firing order
  6. Reciprocating Engine Operating Principles
    1. Otto cycle
    2. Two stroke cycle
    3. Four stroke cycle
  7. Engine Power and Efficiencies
    1. Work
    2. Horsepower
    3. Piston displacement
    4. Compression ratio
    5. Indicated horsepower
    6. Brake horsepower
    7. Friction horsepower
    8. Thrust horsepower
    9. Thermal efficiency
    10. Mechanical efficiency
    11. Volumetric efficiency
    12. Propulsive efficiency
  8. Turbine Engine Construction
    1. Air inlet
    2. Compressor section
      1. Centrifugal flow
      2. Axial flow
    3. Diffuser section
    4. Combustion
      1. Annular
      2. Can
      3. Can-annular
    5. Turbine section
    6. Exhaust section
    7. Accessory section
  9. Turbine Engine Sub-Assemblies
    1. Single spools
    2. Split spools and exhaust systems
    3. Cowlings
    4. Turbo fans
  10. Turbo Prop Engines
    1. Power section
    2. Gear section
    3. Torque section
    4. Accessory section
  11. Turbine Engine Operation Principles
    1. Thrust
      1. Force
      2. Mass
      3. Acceleration
    2. Newton Laws
    3. Brayton pressure cycle
    4. Thermal efficiency
  12. Engine Instrumentation
    1. Carburetor air temperature gage
    2. Fuel pressure
    3. Fuel flowmeter
    4. Manifold pressure
    5. Oil temperature
    6. Oil pressure
    7. Tachometer
    8. Cylinder head temperature
    9. Torque meter
    10. Suction
    11. Range markings
      1. Red
      2. Yellow
      3. Blue
      4. Green
      5. White
  13. Instrument Principles of Operation
    1. Mechanical temperature indicators
    2. Electrical temperature indicators
    3. Mechanical pressure indicators
    4. Electrical pressure indicators
    5. Mechanical RPM indicators
    6. Electrical RPM indicators
    7. Mechanical fluid rate of low indicators
    8. Electrical fluid rate of flow indicators
  14. Maintenance of Instruments and Systems
    1. Performing maintenance on instruments
    2. Servicing of instruments
    3. Inspection, check of instruments
    4. Troubleshooting instrument systems
    5. Repairs of instrument systems
  15. Engine Inspection Requirements
    1. Inspection regulations
      1. FAR Part 21
      2. FAR Part 33
      3. FAR Part 39
      4. FAR Part 43
      5. FAR Part 91
    2. Manufacturers inspection instructions
      1. Maintenance manual
      2. Service manual
      3. Service bulletins