Jan 18, 2022  
2021-2022 College Catalog 
2021-2022 College Catalog
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FSC 252 - Fire Service Strategy and Tactics

3 Credits, 3 Contact Hours
3 lecture periods 0 lab periods

Principles and tactics of fire service ground control. Includes fireground factors and management, command operations and functions, life safety, personnel, equipment, and extinguishing agents.

Information: This class is in compliance with the Fire and Emergency Services Higher Education (FESHE) model curriculum. This is the capstone course for degree.
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Course Learning Outcomes
  1. Identify the roles of the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and Incident Command Systems (ICS) as related to strategy and tactics, and create a strategy and evaluate rescue options.
  2. Explain the components of building construction and why pre-fire planning and review is significant to the success of life safety and fire-ground management.
  3. Define the importance of fire-ground communications and the components of the initial radio report.
  4. Explain the factors during size-up, significance of each factor, and analyze their relationship to effective fire-ground management.
  5. Compare an offensive fire attack to a defensive fire attack, explaining the basics of each and identifying the rationale for each strategy.
  6. Define and describe the significance of overhaul and salvage at emergency incidents.

Performance Objectives:
  1. Discuss fire behavior as it relates to strategies and tactics.
  2. Create a strategy and implement appropriate tactics.
  3. Identify and categorize various types of fire apparatus and extinguishing equipment.
  4. Identify the basics of building construction and how they interrelate to pre-fire planning and strategy and tactics.
  5. Describe the steps taken during size-up.
  6. Explain the main components of pre-fire planning and identify steps needed for a pre-fire plan review.
  7. Identify the roles of the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and Incident Command Systems (ICS) as related to strategy and tactics.
  8. Demonstrate the various roles and responsibilities in ICS/NIMS.
  9. List factors to be considered during size-up and define the significance of each factor.
  10. Examine the significant of fire ground communications.
  11. List fireground factors and incident priorities and analyze their relationship to effective fireground management.
  12. Describe basic command operations and list basic components of an initial radio report.
  13. Describe and evaluate strategic and tactical rescue options.
  14. Describe the methods used for effective exposure protection.
  15. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of master stream devices.
  16. Describe the contributing factors of confinement applicable in fire service company operations.
  17. Explain the relationship and proper use of ventilation during offensive extinguishment operations.
  18. Define and describe the significance of overhaul and salvage at emergency incidents.

  1. Fire Chemistry Terms and Concepts
    1. Heat transfer
    2. Principles of fire characteristics of materials
    3. Fire classifications
  2. Extinguishing Equipment
    1. Extinguishing equipment
    2. Fire apparatus
    3. Personnel requirements
  3. Visual Perception
    1. Pre-planning
    2. Size-up
  4. Pre-Fire Planning
    1. Concept
    2. Phases
    3. Methods
    4. Format
    5. Occupancy classifications
    6. Building types
  5. Fireground Management Principles
    1. Incident management systems
    2. Characteristics of command
    3. Pre-planning
    4. Action plans
    5. Incident priorities
    6. Firefighter safety
  6. Basic Division Tactics
    1. Size-Up
      1. Facts
      2. Probabilities
      3. Own Situation
      4. Decision
      5. Plan of Operation
  7. Fireground Factors
    1. Building construction
    2. Fire location and extent
    3. Building occupancy
    4. Life hazards and location
    5. Area around building
    6. Resources
    7. Arrangement and environmental factors
    8. Special-systems and other concerns
    9. Apparatus placement
      1. Offensive attack
      2. Defensive attack
  8. Exposure protection
    1. Safety considerations from a command perspective
      1. Incident safety officer
  9. Coordinating Activities
    1. Decision-making
    2. Command operations and functions
      1. Assumption and confirmation and position
      2. Situation evaluation
      3. Communications
        1. Initial actions
        2. Initial radio report
        3. Scene evaluation
        4. Order model
      4. Strategy, attack plan, and assigning of units
      5. Development of fireground organization
      6. Attack plan
        1. Review
        2. Evaluation
        3. Revision of attack plan
      7. Command
        1. Continuing
        2. Transferring
        3. Terminating command
  10. Rescue
    1. Life safety problems of fire
    2. Determination of life hazard
    3. Rescue resources and operations
  11. Exposures
    1. Principle of contributing factors
    2. Exposure protection operations
  12. Fire stream management
    1. Heavy stream devices
    2. Handlines
    3. Tactical use of protective systems
  13. Confinement
    1. Fire separations
    2. Fire loading
    3. Built-in protection
    4. Operations
  14. Ventilation
    1. Relationship to objectives
    2. Equipment
    3. Roof types
    4. Methods
  15. Salvage
    1. Relationship to objectives
    2. Equipment
    3. Operations during fire
    4. Operations after fire

Effective Term:
Full Academic Year 2018/19

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