Jul 15, 2024  
2023-2024 College Catalog 
    
2023-2024 College Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

CHM 140IN - Fundamental Organic and Biochemistry [SUN# CHM 2230]

4 Credits, 6 Contact Hours
3 lecture periods 3 lab periods

Continuation of CHM 130IN . Organic chemistry as the basis for the study of some important life processes. Includes the classification, structure, and general chemical behavior of organic and biochemical systems.

Prerequisite(s): CHM 130IN  
Information: Adapted to the needs of students in nursing and other health professions.
Gen-Ed: Meets AGEC - SCI; Meets CTE - M&S.



Button linking to AZ Transfer course equivalency guide  

Course Learning Outcomes
  1. Identify common functional groups in various structural representations of organic molecules including physical and computer-simulated three-dimensional models.
  2. Predict products that result from characteristic chemical reactions of selected classes of organic compounds.
  3. Describe the composition and function of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins in terms of the structure and chemical behavior of their constituent organic functional groups.

Performance Objectives:
  1. Identify common functional groups in various structural representations of organic molecules including physical and computer-simulated three-dimensional models.
  2. Name fundamental organic compounds using IUPAC nomenclature and common names and write structural formulas.
  3. Describe the physical properties of simple organic compounds based on differences in molecular structure.
  4. Predict products that result from characteristic chemical reactions of selected classes of organic compounds.
  5. Perform and interpret qualitative laboratory tests by which to identify the presence of common organic functional groups.
  6. Describe the composition and function of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins in terms of the structure and chemical behavior of their constituent organic functional groups.
  7. Explain the roles of representative carbohydrates, fats and amino acids via the principal human metabolic pathways.
  8. Identify the role or action in human health of selected chemical process initiators, facilitators, and regulators, including enzymes and their co-factors, neurotransmitters, hormones, drugs and poisons, and, indirectly, genes.  

Outline:
  1. Organic Chemistry
    1. Molecular structure and its representation
    2. Functional group family surveys emphasizing structure, nomenclature, physical and chemical properties
      1. Saturated, unsaturated and aromatic hydrocarbons, and alkyl halides
      2. Alcohols, phenols, ethers & their sulfur analogs
      3. Simple carbonyl compounds (aldehydes and ketones)
      4. Compound carbonyl compounds (carboxylic acids and esters) and their phosphoric acid analogs
      5. Amines and amides
  2. Biochemistry
    1. Survey of the structure, function, regulation and role in human health of major classes of biochemical compounds
      1. Carbohydrates
      2. Lipids
      3. Proteins as amino acid polymers
      4. Proteins as molecular catalysts:  enzymes
    2. Basics of carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism in humans
      1. Selected catabolic pathways including the conversion of food to energy
      2. Selected anabolic pathways
  3. Anomalies in human health due to diseases, drugs and poisons
  4. Optional topics: the nature, action or function in humans of
    1. Nucleotides, nucleic acids, gene expression, protein synthesis, and genetic diseases
    2. Chemical communicators: neurotransmitters and hormones
    3. Digestion and nutrition
    4. Immune system
    5. Body fluids
    6. Other subjects at the instructor’s discretion


Effective Term:
Fall 2020